Central nervous system infections

Bacterial meningitis

See NHSGGC poster and discuss duration of therapy with the microbiology / infectious disease unit (see Appendix 6 for contact details). If subacute presentation or risk factors, consider TB meningitis but discuss with infectious diseases team. For mycobacterial culture of CSF an additional 5-10ml is required.

If suspected CNS infection in an immunocompromised host, including HIV, discuss with the microbiology / infectious disease team.  

Meningitis Contact Prophylaxis

All suspected cases of meningococcal disease are notified to the NHSGGC Board, Public Health Protection Unit (see Appendix 6 for contact details). Specialists in Communicable Disease will identify close family and friends of the patient who may require antibiotic prophylaxis, which should be given as soon as possible (ideally within 24 hours) after diagnosis of the index case.

Brain Abscess

  • Perform blood cultures.
  • Discuss treatment and duration with neurosurgery and microbiology / infectious diseases unit.
  • Potential sources include: sinus, middle ear, post-traumatic, blood stream (endocarditis).

Viral encephalitis

See NHSGGC poster and discuss duration of therapy with the infectious disease team.

 

Guideline reviewed: June 2021

Page updated: March 2022